Between 1912 and 1970, while the number of homes in the U S increased from 21 to 61 million accidental home deaths declined 53 percent, from 28 to 13 per 100,000 population. In 1912, an estimated 27,000 home deaths occurred. In 1970, the total was only 26,500, despite the obvious rise in total population. Home accidents ill 1970 produced approximately 4 million disabling injuries, and, execepting property damage, resulted in a loss of at least $1 billion.
Listed according to number of fatalities, the most common household accidents are falls, fires and injuries
precipitated by fires, poisoning by solids and liquids, and suffocation due to ingested objects. Other leading causes of death in the home are mechanical suffocation, firearms accidents, and poisoning by gas and vapors.
Small children are almost completely dependent on adults for protection. But simply warning pre-schoolers about hazards such as playing with matches, climbing up onto windowsills, or eating anything at hand, is not enough. They
either forget or wish to explore. The best way to avoid unnecessary bumps, cuts, bruises, and irreversible tragedy, is to provide “Protection Plus.” Place gates at the top and bottom of stairways. Never leave small children alone on beds, bath tables, or chairs. Secure all window screens and use metal or inflexible wooden guards in low windows.
Preventing accidents in the home : A checklist.
Never use any electrical appliance while in the tub or shower.
Make sure you are completely dry before touching any appliance in the bathroom.
Don’t overload electrical circuits, or use frayed or excessively long electrical cords.
Never let an electrical cord cross an open space, nor try to hide it under a rug.
Tack cords to walls with special tacks available.
Look for the UL-approved seal before buying an appliance, and don’t try to tamper with it if something goes wrong.
Never poke around inside any electrical appliance with a metal object.
When a fuse blows, unplug any appliance you suspect before you replace the fuse.
If you’re unsure, unplug everything on the circuit and call an electrician.
Keep all drugs and medicines out of the reach of children, preferably in a locked medicine cabinet.
Older children should be taught to ask permission before taking anything from the medicine cabinet.
Label all medicines carefully, and dispose of old ones by pouring down the sink or toilet, not by tossing into the wastebasket where children can retrieve them.
Keep cleaning fluids out of children’s reach, either on a high shelf or in a locked cabinet.
Never put any cleaning fluid in an old food jar.
Pour the last drop of unused cleaning fluid down the sink before throwing away the bottle.
Never mix together any cleaning fluids or powders.
Some of these will release poisonous gases when mixed.
Keep aerosol cans away from heat.
Do not puncture or incinerate “empty” aerosol cans—they still contain an amount of gas that could cause them to explode.