Liver abscess is remarkably rare clinically, considering the number of infectious organisms the liver encounters. This resistance reflects the great capacity of the organ to trap and destroy bacteria. When a liver abscess does develop, due to bacterial infection, it arises from the obstruction of a bile from infection in organs tract, drained by the vein flowing into the liver, or from a general septicemia infection throughout the blood.
Symptoms of Liver Abscess
Symptoms may be obscured by the associated condition, but there may be aching pain over the liver, dramatic weight loss, persistent fever, or occasional slight jaundice. Antibiotics are used but they alone are not enough to heal well-established abscesses. Surgical incision and drainage must be performed. Though less common in North America than bacterial abscess of the liver, amebic liver abscess does occur in about 10 percent of cases of intestinal amebiasis.
Causes and Treatment of liver Abscess
It may be diffcult to diagnose since it may develop without prior dysentery or other intestinal signs of ameba infection. Indirect hemaglutination testing is the best indicator of this kind of liver abscess. Specific drugs
for the treatment of ameba infection—emetine and chloroquine—are effective and usually suffice without surgical drainage.